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Workers' Compensation Blog

Can Teachers Collect Leave Benefits During Summer Break?

Friday, September 23, 2016

The days are now long, morning frost is a thing of the past, and thousands of Maryland’s educators’ are enjoying their summer breaks. What better way to kick off this year’s few months of relaxation (or switching gears for that summer job) than to brush up on your workers’ compensation knowledge?

Workers' Comp Benefits and Summer Break

This time of year, I always hear from a number of my teacher clients who are wondering how the summer break will affect their workers’ compensation benefits. Generally speaking, under the Workers’ Compensation Act, Maryland workers are entitled to 2/3s of their wages (known legally as temporary total disability or “TTD”) during the recovery period after an injury when they are incapable of working. (Most boards of education offer a 100% wage benefit to their employees for a specified time period. This issue and its implications on workers’ compensation benefits will be discussed in greater detail in a future blog).

Boards of Education however, will often refuse payment of TTD during our educators’ summer vacation - making the argument that the injured teacher is a 10 month employee and would not be paid during the summer months if they had not been injured at work.
The law in Maryland, however, makes clear that the having an actual intention to work or the opportunity to work for that matter, is not a requirement to collect TTD. Maryland’s test is loss of earning capacity, or the inability to work, regardless of whether there would be actual wage loss. Maryland’s highest court has held that both retired workers – who may never work again (no intention of working), and incarcerated employees (no opportunity to work), are both entitled to payment of TTD during the period they would be physically unable to perform their job duties.

In short – teachers are entitled to TTD over the summer if they are still recovering from a work injury and can’t physically perform their job duties, regardless of whether or not there are any job duties available to perform.

Pay Plans and Benefit Coverage

Another important factor to consider under these circumstances is whether an individual takes a 10 month pay or chooses to spread out their pay over 12 months. Boards of Education will often argue that if a teacher is compensated on the 12 month plan, they should not be entitled to TTD benefits during summer because they are already being paid and would then be “double dipping”. However, this could not be further from the truth. Even if the pay is spread over 12 months, teachers are still only being paid for 10 months of work and accordingly, are still entitled to summer TTD. Deferring earned income does not preclude TTD benefits during the summer months.

Bring on the heat.

Sick Leave Bank Or Temporary Total Disability? An Introduction To How Leave Benefit Options Will Affect Your Workers’ Compensation Case

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Many of my teacher clients often ask, and understandably so, how will I be paid while I am out of work and recovering from my injury? Because many boards of education in Maryland offer benefits other than what the Workers’ Compensation Act allows – the answer is – “it depends”. Oftentimes, the type of benefit received may be your choice – making it a good time to contact your attorney and make sure you understand the implications of what benefit you choose.

Maryland Law for Teachers Workers’ Comp

Maryland law requires an Employer to pay you at the rate of 2/3s of your salary for the period of time you are recovering from your work related injury (legally known as temporary total disability or “TTD”). For many private sector employees, other than possibly a short or long term disability plan, the 2/3s wage benefit is the only benefit available while out of work. The 2/3s TTD benefit is tax free; however, oftentimes your health insurance is placed on hold, along with your contribution to any pension or other 401k type program while you receive this wage benefit – oftentimes placing you in a precarious position.

Additional Benefits Through Unions

Many teacher unions however, have collectively bargained for additional benefit options for their members. These benefits differ by County. Many boards of education will pay anywhere from 90 days to one year of “disability leave” (also known as “accident leave” or in certain cases “assault leave”) which takes the place of the workers’ compensation act’s 2/3s leave benefit. This benefit pays 100% of wages for the period of time you are recovering from your injury, effectively taking the place of your normal salary. Perhaps most importantly, this allows you to continue to pay for your own health insurance and contribute to your pension, FSA, etc., which many of my clients find to be extremely beneficial – especially if they provide health insurance for their families.

Once the “accident leave” or “disability leave” benefit has run its course, other potential TTD alternatives may be available to you. Personal and sick leave can always be used – however, these are earned leave benefits that should not be wasted on a work related injury if at all possible (if an employer is requiring you to use your own accrued leave to recover from a work injury, consult with your attorney). These are leave benefits you have earned – you are entitled to keep them if you are hurt on the job. Also important to note, even if your employer forced you to use your own personal or sick leave, oftentimes these benefits can be reimbursed at a later date.

Sick Leave Bank

Many school boards also offer “sick leave bank” benefits as another payment option. To be eligible you must contribute a set number of personal leave days to the bank per year to qualify – each County has its own set of rules and regulations to access the “bank”. You must be a member of the bank prior to needing to the days, however, when a work injury takes place this is another option which pays at 100% of your wages and continues the other benefits noted above (e.g. health insurance, etc.).

Additional Options to Review and Discuss

There may be other options aside from those noted above to compensate you when you’re injured on the job. Leave benefits are just one of the benefits you may be entitled to if you are injured on the job. Compensation for permanent problems, retraining and reimbursement for travel expenses are just a few of the other benefits that may be available to you.

Consult with your attorney to be sure you are not leaving money on the table.

By Ken Berman

Can Teachers Collect Leave Benefits During Summer Break?

Monday, June 20, 2016

The days are now long, morning frost is a thing of the past, and thousands of Maryland’s educators’ are enjoying their summer breaks. What better way to kick off this year’s few months of relaxation (or switching gears for that summer job) than to brush up on your workers’ compensation knowledge?

Workers’ Comp Benefits and Summer Break

This time of year, I always hear from a number of my teacher clients who are wondering how the summer break will affect their workers’ compensation benefits. Generally speaking, under the Workers’ Compensation Act, Maryland workers are entitled to 2/3s of their wages (known legally as temporary total disability or “TTD”) during the recovery period after an injury when they are incapable of working. (Most boards of education offer a 100% wage benefit to their employees for a specified time period. This issue and its implications on workers’ compensation benefits will be discussed in greater detail in a future blog).

Boards of Education however, will often refuse payment of TTD during our educators’ summer vacation – making the argument that the injured teacher is a 10 month employee and would not be paid during the summer months if they had not been injured at work. The law in Maryland, however, makes clear that the having an actual intention to work or the opportunity to work for that matter, is not a requirement to collect TTD. Maryland’s test is loss of earning capacity, or the inability to work, regardless of whether there would be actual wage loss. Maryland’s highest court has held that both retired workers – who may never work again (no intention of working), and incarcerated employees (no opportunity to work), are both entitled to payment of TTD during the period they would be physically unable to perform their job duties.

In short – teachers are entitled to TTD over the summer if they are still recovering from a work injury and can’t physically perform their job duties, regardless of whether or not there are any job duties available to perform.

Pay Plans and Benefit Coverage

Another important factor to consider under these circumstances is whether an individual takes a 10 month pay or chooses to spread out their pay over 12 months. Boards of Education will often argue that if a teacher is compensated on the 12 month plan, they should not be entitled to TTD benefits during summer because they are already being paid and would then be “double dipping”. However, this could not be further from the truth. Even if the pay is spread over 12 months, teachers are still only being paid for 10 months of work and accordingly, are still entitled to summer TTD. Deferring earned income does not preclude TTD benefits during the summer months.

Bring on the heat.

By Ken Berman

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